Social assistance for people with disabilities
Invalid is someone who is incapacitated by a chronic illness or injury and as a consequence needs to be socially protected.
Social protection of the invalids in the Republic of Kazakhstan is stipulated by the RK Constitution, and Republic of Kazakhstan law “On social protection of the disabled in the RK” and other normative regulatory acts.
Invalids are entitled to:
- Social protection including rehabilitation and social integration;
- access to social assets;
- providing information access;
- education, free choice of career and occupation;
- guarantee free medical treatment in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
- professional training and retraining, vocational rehabilitation and employment;
- accommodation in accordance with housing law of the Republic of Kazakhstan;
- priority service in public and other organizations including health, cultural, communication, transport, tertiary activity;
- development of invalids’ creative capacities.
Social assistance for the invalids:
- state allowances, compensations and other benefit payments;
- additional social transfers paid by local executive bodies;
- subsidiary welfare benefits paid by the employer and other organizations.
Local executive bodies:
- register and accommodate disabled who need housing;
- equip dwellings for invalids or families having the disabled with special means and facilities.
Local executive bodies ensure employment of the invalids by:
- fixing up quota of working positions for invalids at the rate of three per cent from the total number of the work places;
- creating additional employment for invalids through individual, small and medium business development;
- creating special and social jobs for invalids employment;
- organizing professional training of the invalids.
For disabled people of the first and second categories, a reduced working time of no more than thirty-six hours a week is established, an additional paid annual leave of absence of at least six calendar days is granted. Work at night is allowed with the consent of a disabled person and provided that such work is not prohibited for him for health reasons.
Refusal to conclude an employment contract or in promotion, dismissal on the initiative of the employer, transfer of a disabled person to another job without his consent on grounds of disability are not allowed, except for cases when, according to the conclusion of the territorial unit of the authorized body in the field of social protection of the population, the state of his health impedes the performance of professional duties or threatens the health and safety of others.
Providing employment for disabled people
To ensure the employment of disabled people, local executive bodies (akimats) set a quota of jobs for disabled people in the amount of two to four percent of the number of workplaces without taking into account jobs in heavy work, work with harmful, hazardous working conditions in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan on employment of the population; create additional jobs for disabled people through the development of individual entrepreneurship, small and medium-sized businesses; create special, as well as social workplaces for the employment of disabled persons in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan; organize vocational training for disabled people.
Legislation guarantees the rights of disabled people in relation to labor relations. It is provided that the refusal to conclude an employment contract or in promotion, dismissal on the initiative of the employer, transfer of a disabled person to another job without his consent on grounds of disability are not allowed, except for cases when, according to the conclusion of the territorial unit of the authorized body in the field of social protection of the population, the state of his health impedes the performance of professional duties or threatens the health and safety of others.
Criteria for invalidity groups establishment
Employment of invalids
Education preferences rendered to invalids
Types of rehabilitation of the disabled
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Last update: 07.09.2021